8. In cases where there is a breach of the obligations arising from a covered agreement, the remedy shall be considered prima primately as a case of annulment or infringement. This means that a breach of the rules is normally considered to have adverse effects on other Members party to this Agreement and, in such cases, it is for the Member that has been the subject of a complaint to refute the accusation. 8. The suspension of concessions or other obligations shall be temporary and shall be applied only until the measure which has proved to be incompatible with a covered agreement has been lifted or the Member which is to implement recommendations or decisions finds a solution for the cancellation or alteration of benefits or a satisfactory solution is found for both parties. In accordance with Article 21(6), the DSD shall continue to monitor the implementation of recommendations or decisions adopted, including cases where compensation has been granted or where concessions or other commitments have been suspended, but recommendations to adapt a measure to the covered agreements have not been implemented. The settlement of trade disputes is one of the WTO`s core activities. A dispute arises when a member government believes that another member government is in breach of an agreement or commitment it has made in the WTO. The WTO has one of the most active international dispute settlement mechanisms in the world.
Since 1995, disputes have been brought before the WTO and more than 350 judgments have been delivered. (1) After considering rebuttals and oral arguments, the proceeding shall issue to the disputing parties the descriptive sections (factual and argumentative) of its draft report. Within a time limit set by the panel, the parties shall communicate their observations in writing. 3. In the event of disagreement as to whether there are measures within the reasonable period referred to in paragraph 2 or whether it is consistent with the framework agreement to comply with the recommendations of the arbitral tribunal, the dispute shall, as far as possible, be referred to the original arbitration court. The arbitral tribunal shall submit its report to the parties to the dispute within sixty days from the date of referral of the case. If the arbitral tribunal considers that it is unable to submit its report within that period, it shall communicate in writing to the parties concerned the reasons for the delay and shall submit its report no later than 75 days after the date of referral of the case. . . .