Jordanian Foreign Minister Ayman Safadi said the agreement must be pursued by abandoning any plan to annex parts of the West Bank and that if the agreement could lead to its withdrawal from the Palestinian territories, it would bring the Middle East closer to peace. Otherwise, the Arab-Israeli conflict would only get worse. The contract was signed on September 15, 2020. The treaty recognizes the sovereignty of each state, obliges the two states to exchange ambassadors and conclude bilateral agreements on various subjects, including visa agreements, and will enter into force as soon as ratification.  The agreement was ratified by the Israeli government on 12 October and ratified by the Knesset on 15 October. This agreement cannot be taken out of the context of the U.S. presidential campaign and President Trump`s need to have a history of success after many failures. Recognition of illegal settlements within the framework of Israel will not change international law. Similarly, a reduction in aid to Palestinian hospitals will not force Palestinians to accept Israeli supremacy. As stated in its preamble, this agreement is based on the Trump plan, which normalizes colonialism, fully supports the legal narrative and destroys the prospects of an independent Palestinian state. It also threatens the status of Jerusalem`s holy sites and treats Palestinians as foreigners in their homeland.
The United Arab Emirates, an Arab country that claims to deal with Palestine, should reject this framework, as most of the international community has done. The texts of the agreements detail how the three countries will open embassies and create new diplomatic and economic relations, including tourism, technology and energy. Israel and the UAE are beginning commercial flights between their countries for the first time and Bahrain has opened its airspace for these flights. But Dennis B. Ross, a former Middle East peace negotiator who helped mediate the 1993 agreement, said the two events were “very different.” He said the agreements signed on Tuesday were “important” because they show that “the Palestinians cannot freeze the region and prevent open cooperation with Israel.” The government of Oman has publicly supported the agreement (which it described as “historic”).  The Grand Mufti of Oman, Ahmed bin Hamad al-Khalili, indirectly criticized the treaty.  Ahmed Mulla Talal, spokesman for the Iraqi government, said that Iraq would not interfere in the sovereign affairs of other countries, but that its laws did not allow for the normalization of relations with Israel.  “Economic cooperation in the areas of finance and investment will be achieved after the signing today of the agreement on investment promotion and protection.
The official of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), Hanan Ashrawi, criticized the agreement and wrote on Twitter: “Israel has been rewarded for not explaining openly what it has done illegally and persistently to Palestine since the beginning of the occupation.”  Fatah accused the United Arab Emirates of “despising their national, religious and humanitarian duties” towards the Palestinian people, while Hamas declared it a “traitor sting in the back of the Palestinian people”, saying that the agreement was a “free reward” for the “crimes and violations of the Palestinian people”.  Ordinary Palestinians have turned to social media to protest the agreement, and some have also insulted the Vae. Meanwhile, Abbas Zaki, a member of Fatah`s Central Committee, called the agreement a breakdown of the Arab consensus on the management of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. He accused the United Arab Emirates of betraying Arabs and Palestinians before asking the ANP to withdraw its ambassador from the United Arab Emirates and also called on the Arab League to cancel the 2002 Arab peace initiative.  In short, the EU should use the Israel-Water Agreement to relaunch its role as the initiator of a vision for the Middle East based on sensible leadership, partnership and peace work. According to Al-Jazeera, other leaders and groups, including the Islamic Jihad movement in Palestine, unanimously rejected the agreement